Holy trinity

The Holy Trinity: Reflection on Trinity Sunday | The Guardian Nigeria News

Trinity Sunday is a very special Sunday of the liturgical year. The Church year revolves around the orbits of the Sun of Righteousness, Jesus Christ, commemorating his life and activities here on earth, namely: his coming, birth, manifestation, passion, death, resurrection , his ascension and the sending of the Holy Spirit.

Trinity Sunday, which is the high point of the Church year, is not a day of commemoration, but rather of updating the Faith and expressing its mystery.

However, this is not the time to embark on the explanation of the concept of Trinity. We must be humble enough to admit that we cannot.

No one can fully understand it because God cannot be fully known; otherwise, He ceases to be God. We can only know what God has revealed about himself, and which we alone should seek to communicate.

Nothing more! Nevertheless, it must also be said that inasmuch as we cannot fully understand the Trinity, neither can we afford to misunderstand it. “We cannot understand, but we must not misunderstand.” This is why we must strive to grasp what the Bible teaches about the Trinity and preach/teach the same.

The term “Trinity” (combination and contraction of Tri and unity), means “Three in one” and according to Christian doctrine is the affirmation that God is in three Persons but of one and the same substance (Neither confusing the Persons, Nor dividing the substance).

The word Trinity does not appear in the Bible. But the length and breadth of the Bible reveal that God is one and yet manifests himself in three persons – Father, Creator, Son, Savior, and Holy Spirit Sanctifier.

Each Person of the Godhead is known and appreciated for the specific role they played in our salvation. It should be noted, however, that God did not become three Persons to save man or ceased to be three Persons after man was saved. God has been in three Persons from all eternity (The Father is eternal, the Son eternal and the Holy Spirit, eternal).

The church sees Jesus in the identity of God. He is the Word of God through whom creation came into being; by whom the revelation is given; Who became incarnate in Jesus – fully human as well as divine, in order to save fallen mankind.

John calls him God, but not all of God: “In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God and the Word was God.

No wonder his gospel ends with Thomas confessing to Jesus: “My Lord and my God! There is no doubt that the first generation of Christians worshiped Jesus as part of Jewish monotheism. This is why Paul expands the Shema to include both God and Christ: “…yet to us there is one God, the Father, from whom all things are and for whom we live; and there is only one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom all things came and through whom we live.

Here, claiming that Jesus existed before creation, Paul places Jesus in the holiest Jewish denomination, but still distinguishes the Father and the Son from pagan polytheism.

Moreover, the Spirit of God, who is in the identity of the one God in the Old Testament, reappears in the New, prophesying the coming of the Messiah, making Mary pregnant, filling Jesus in His Baptism, giving Him power to His Kingdom ministry and filling the Church (rather than the Temple) with his power, glory, and presence at Pentecost.

Thus, the New Testament contains the raw materials of the doctrine of the Trinity. For example, in the Great Commission, the risen Lord commands his disciples to baptize in the “name (singular – the name expresses identity) of the Father, of the Son and of the Holy Spirit”. And with this raw material, the church father gives formal expression to the inherently scriptural doctrine that God is triune in his very being. He is the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.

Venerable Dr. Princewill Onyinyechukwu Ireoba is Rector of Ibru International Ecumenical Center, Agbarha-Otor, Delta State.

princewillireoba@gmail.com, trinityfoundationibrucentre@gmail.com