Holy trinity

The Holy Trinity | Corazon Damo-Santiago

God, through the centuries, has revealed himself to holy people to inspire them in their works for his kingdom. Although Jesus, while on earth, alluded to the Holy Spirit in certain events of his speeches and teachings, this was never fully revealed.

The Holy Spirit was given by God the Father in answer to Jesus’ prayer (Catechism of the Catholic Church, CCC 729). It was poured out in abundance to the disciples of Jesus Christ who were in Jerusalem to celebrate the Feast of Weeks, a Christian feast, on the seventh Sunday after Easter.

Tongues of fire descended from the sky and landed on everyone. Filled with the Holy Spirit, they began to speak in different languages. (Acts 2: 1-13)

The Holy Spirit is the last person of the Holy Trinity to be revealed (CCC 684) and it is through the Holy Spirit that faith is awakened and nourished.

The nature of God will forever remain a mystery. As Saint Augustine pointed out: “If you understand him, he would not be God.


New Age followers believe that there is a complementary relationship between God and his creation. In monism, there is unity between everything and everyone. Because “everything is one”, everything is also part of a divine essence.

Thus, there is a persistent and growing belief that the person is “the norm of truth” with “self-sacredness”.

Thus, in man’s continuous search for individuality and the good life, the meaning of his existence, prestige, fame, power and wealth are the benchmarks of self-fulfillment in a secular world, and are self-determined.

The belief in an omniscient, almighty, all-loving, ever-present God is contested by many. Pope John Paul II lamented that “human progress planned as an alternative to God’s plan introduces injustice, evil and violence that rise up against the divine plan of justice and salvation”.

Three divine persons in one God

Think, envision, and reflect on having three people as one God. It is apparently incomprehensible, improbable, impossible and illogical. This inseparable unity in theology is called circumcession.

The dogma of the Holy Trinity is the most fundamental and essential in the Catechism of the Catholic Church, but it is beyond human understanding. Three divine persons in one God. No divine person does anything on their own. They are inseparable, in their glory, nature, power and majesty from all eternity – a life of love and oneness. Thus, each time we make the sign of the cross, the Holy Trinity is recognized.

Pope Francis’ homily at his morning Mass on April 30 urged everyone to “listen to and understand the will of God through the power of the Holy Spirit”. Man is a “pagan dressed as a Christian if he leaves no room for the Holy Spirit” in life.

He stressed: “We cannot be Christians without walking with the Holy Spirit, without acting with the Holy Spirit, without letting the Holy Spirit be the protagonist of our lives.

Faith, a divine gift

Without the grace of God’s faith, man with his limited knowledge can never believe that the three persons in one God are present in all places, all things at all times and possess knowledge, insight, awareness and infinite understanding.

The intellectual who insists that seeing is believing or who demands proof of the ineffable attributes of God will never be convinced. For faith is necessary to open all the doors and windows of the mind so that the spirit of man can believe. And faith is a divine gift, a grace that enlightens the mind to want and believe in three people in one God.

The Council of Trent emphasized “faith as the basis and root of all justification”.

On faith and unbelief, St. Thomas Aquinas said: “To him who has faith, no explanation is necessary. To one who does not have faith, no explanation is possible.

Damo-Santiago is a former regional director of the Ministry of Education of the National Capital Region. She is currently a faculty member at Mater Redemptoris Collegium in Calauan, Laguna, and Mater Redemptoris College in San Jose City, Nueva Ecija.